1941: Year of Momentous Changes

January 1941 found William in Milan, Italy, and Philinda in Paris, France. But it was to be a year of tremendous changes in the world and in the lives of William and Philinda. Here are the highlights:

  • At the opening of 1941, William is serving as Vice-Consul at the United States Consulate in Milan, Italy. He writes home on January 8 about a reasonably peaceful Christmas and New Year in letter 1941-01-06 M19 WLK to LMK family.
  • Philinda begins 1941 living with her husband Jimmy Jones in Paris. Jimmy is working as a clerk in the U.S. Embassy, but for reasons unknown, we have no letters on file from the usually prolific Philinda between late September, 1940, from Paris (1940-09-29 F-78 LPK to JWC Family) and June 14, 1941 (1941-06-14 4-03 LPK to JWC family)
  • May and June 1941 experience Germany's "Blitzkrieg", by which the Nazis invade the Netherlands, Belgium and France. Although the United States does not yet declare war, relations are broken with the Axis powers at that time. All American diplomatic missions are withdrawn.
  • Philinda and Jimmy are evacuated to Lisbon, Portugal. Portugal remains neutral in World War II and U.S. diplomatic staff and families from around Europe gather there to await reassignment and transportation.
  • Thus William is also evacuated from Milan to Lisbon. He writes in letter 1941-07-29 M10 WLK to LMK family from Lisbon about the trip from Italy, through occupied France and war-ravaged Spain to peaceful, prosperous Portugal.
  • In late July, William is assigned to the U. S. Consulate in Dakar, French West Africa (now Senegal). An article in the Newark Advocate (1941-07-29 L-42 news clip) publishes this.
  • William and Philinda meet and fall deeply in love. Philinda determines to return to the United States without Jimmy and file for divorce so she and William can be married. (Documents from this period not yet processed)
  • November 1, a brief article appears in the Newark Advocate (1941-11-01 L-43 news clip) relating that William is reassigned to the U. S. Consulate in Lagos, Nigeria
  • November 14, William is given passage by air to England, since Nigeria is a British colony and all transport to Nigeria originates in England at this time.
  • November and December, Philinda bases her stay in the United States at the home of her mother and stepfather in Orange, New Jersey. In frequent love-letters to William, beginning with 1941-11-21 L-89 LPK to WLK, she recounts some painful meetings with Jimmie Jones in New York, friendly meetings with William's sister Janie, also in New York, and spending a few peaceful weeks at her Aunt's farm in Vermont.
  • Late in November, William departs England on a vessel whose primary mission is to transport British troops to India. There is a brief account of this trip based on hasty notes in his pocket accounting notebook.
  • December 7, Japan executes a devastating attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
    December 8, United States declares war on Japan.
    December 11, Germany and Italy declare war on the United States, which immediately declares war on them.
  • December 20, William arrives in Lagos, where he is welcomed by staff at the U. S. Consulate and entertained with friendly beach parties over Christmas and New Years Day. On Christmas Eve, he writes a long, loving letter to Philinda with an account of his voyage and his (so far, brief) experience of life in Lagos.

Lagos : 1941 Documents

 
Index to months in 1941 with Lagos documents
            June-July       November December
 

Lagos Documents of 1941-June-July

DateIDFromToWhere FromNotes
1941-06-14 4-03 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to Family of John W. Campbell, Sr. Lisbon, Portugal Account of LPK evacuation from Paris, France, to Lisbon, Portugal
1941-07-29 M10 William Laurence Krieg to Family of Laurence M. Krieg Lisbon, Portugal Account of WLK evacuation from Milan, Italy, to Lisbon, Portugal
1941-07-29 L-42 Newspaper or Magazine to General Public [Newark, Ohio] "Wm. Krieg is Assigned to Dakar" [Newark Advocate]

Lagos Documents of 1941-November

DateIDFromToWhere FromNotes
1941-11-01 L-43 Newspaper or Magazine to General Public [Newark, Ohio] "William Krieg, son of Mr. and Mrs. Laurence Krieg...has been assigned to Lagos, Nigeria..." [Newark Advocate]
1941-11-04 L-2 William Laurence Krieg to William Laurence Krieg [Lagos, Nigeria] Pocket memo booklet. Cover: worn black textured leather. Starting at one end expenditures noted in GBP 1941-11-04 thru 1944-01-28. Starting other end, undated misc notes
1941-11-19 L-40 Laurence Montgomery Krieg to William Laurence Krieg [Newark, Ohio] Amateur Trapshooting Association letterhead
1941-11-21 L-89 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to William Laurence Krieg Bartonsville, Vermont Elite type dark ribbon on medium-weight paper. Second sheet cut in half, written on both sides. Signed in pencil. Date stamped "FEB - 4 Rec'd"
1941-11-23 L-90 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to William Laurence Krieg [Grafton, Vermont] Elite type dark ribbon on mid-weight paper. Second page cut in half, written on front only. Signed in pencil. Page 2 headed POSTSCRIPT, signed "Me again" in pencil In WLK hand at top of p.1: "Rec'd Jan 9 '42"
1941-11-25 L-331 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to John Wood Campbell, Sr. Grafton, Vermont Elite type medium ribbon on standard paper. Double-spaced, both sides. P. 1v signed in pencil with P.S.
1941-11-26 L-332 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to Dorothy Strahorn Campbell Middleton Grafton, Vermont Elite type medium ribbon on half-sheet of standard U.S. letter paper, written long edges at sides. P.1v signed in blue ink
1941-11-26 L-91 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to William Laurence Krieg Grafton, Vermont Typed in elite type dark ribbon on mid-weight paper. Date "November 26, I think" Second page typed just over halfway down. Signed in blue ink. Page 1 date stamped "Feb 11 Rec'd"
1941-11-28 L-92 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to William Laurence Krieg Grafton, Vermont Elite type dark ribbon on mid-weight paper. Page 1 in WLK hand "Rec'd Jan. 27, 1942" Signed in blue ink.
1941-11-30 L-93 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to William Laurence Krieg Orange [New Jersey] Pica type medium ribbon on heavily aged mid-weight paper, torn and water stained along left edge. Top of p.1r in WLK hand "Rec'd Dec. 20 '41". Page 1v filled about 33%. Signature p. 1v in black ink

Lagos Documents of 1941-December

DateIDFromToWhere FromNotes
1941-12-02 L-94 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to William Laurence Krieg [Orange, New Jersey] Handwritten in black ink with ruler on very light-weight paper, slightly torn on edges.
1941-12-05 L-95 William Laurence Krieg to Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg Gibraltar Western Union telegram form To Philanda Jones care Middleton, 761 ScotlandRoad=OrangeNJ=
1941-12-07 L-97 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to William Laurence Krieg Orange [New Jersey] First half written by hand, blue ink on very light-weight paper. Continuing mid-line in pica type, light ribbon top of p.1 in WLK hand "Rec'd Jan. 12 '42"
1941-12-11 L-96 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to William Laurence Krieg Orange, New Jersey Pica type light ribbon on very light-weight paper, some tearing bottom edge. P.2 cut in half. top of p.1 in WLK hand "Rec'd Jan. 12 '42"
1941-12-18 L-102 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to William Laurence Krieg Orange, New Jersey Pica type light ribbon on very lightweight paper. Top of P. 1 in WLK hand "Rec'd Jan 6 '42"
1941-12-18 L-38 Laurence Montgomery Krieg to William Laurence Krieg [Newark, Ohio] Airmail paper
1941-12-22 L-1 William Laurence Krieg to Family of Laurence M. Krieg American Consulate | Lagos, Nigeria On very thin paper, but this appears to be original ribbon copy.
1941-12-24 L-99 William Laurence Krieg to Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg American Consulate, Lagos, Nigeria Pica type light ribbon on light-weight American Consular Service letterhead. Staiined with brown spots.
1941-12-24 L-98 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to William Laurence Krieg Orange, New Jersey Pica type light ribbon on very light-weight paper. Signature p.2 black ink with ruler
1941-12-29 L-100 William Laurence Krieg to Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg "Sansorigine" Western Union telegram form "SAFE WELL CAN ONLY GIVE YOU ALL MY LOVE FOR XMAS=WILLIAM KRIEG"
1941-12-30 L-41 William Laurence Krieg to Family of Laurence M. Krieg Lagos, Nigeria Three pages: 1. Cable and Wireless Limited message receipt slip 2. Carbon copy of typed telegraph message. 3. Cable and Wireless Limited carbon copy of message form
1941-12-31 L-101 Laura Philinda Campbell Krieg to William Laurence Krieg Orange, New Jersey Pica type light ribbon on very light-weight paper. Date stamped top of page 1: "Feb 15 Rec'd"
Other Lagos Materials